Tuesday, April 30, 2013

A short briefing on the european energy policy: A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies


On March 27th, the EU has launched a public consultation which will last until July 2nd. This consultation is defined by a document: the Green Paper "A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies". On this occasion, Watts and Co. tries to give you the key points of the EU energy policy since the 2030 framework will inherit the previous 2020 energy goals (the well-known 3x20 targets) and will prepare the 2050 roadmap.  What are these three different goals defined by the EU and how can it reach its goals ?

The Energy Climate Package: the 20-20-20 targets 

From the BBC

The overall 20-20-20 binding targets adopted in the Energy Climate Package in 2009 by the EU are cristal clear: a 20% cut in emissions of greenhouse gases by 2020 compared with the 1990 levels - this target will rise to 30% if other developed countries make a similar effort - , a 20% increase in the share of the renewable energy in the electricity mix, and a 20% cut in energy consumption.  Where do we come from ? These two charts explain what should be done to reach the targets concerning the emission cuts by sector and the renewable energy target by country. 



From the BBC

The Energy roadmap 2050: An Europe without carbon 

This complete IIEA image can be found below or directly from
their website - here
The aim of its roadmap is to free Europe from carbon by 2050. In its low-carbon roadmap published in 2011, the EU commits itself to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 80%-95% below 1990 levels by 2050. The part related to energy is the energy roadmap 2050. A challenging task which can be completed in this sector with 5 different scenarii based on energy efficiency, renewable energies, nuclear energy and carbon capture and storage (CSS). Each of them has been evaluated in terms of import dependency, overall costs, investments or household expenditure on energy as explained on this very useful graphics released by the Institute of International and European Affairs (IIEA). Some conclusions are just good sense : yes, investment to modernize infrastructure must start now to avoid more costly changes in the future. The sooner the better. Nevertheless, the report has shown that decarbonization is possible and is economically profitable.


The 2030 in-between Green Paper

As explained by Pia Ahrenkilde Hansen, spokeswoman of the European Commission in this video from the excellent website www.viEUws.eu - here -, the EU needs "to look ahead, to give investors certainty and to keep the ambitious long-term targets" by 2050. It's the goal of the consultation set with this Green Paper for 2030. This public debate will involve stakeholders to think about what will be the best energy policy for the EU by 2030. The discussions will include the major changes observed since  the 2020 targets have been set: changes in the economy, new developments in technology concerning nuclear or renewable energies. As explained in the viEUws energy briefing by Hughes Belin - here -  the debate will feed the next energy summit discussions in May. Proposals will come by the end of year. These mid-term targets will feed also the discussions by 2015 concerning the treaty for the after-Kyoto protocol era which will begin in 2020.  



Annexe:

- Philip  Lowe, Director-General of Energy at the European Commission, on the European Energy Roadmap 2050.





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