What did make "Grenelle Environnement" so special and popular ? Its multi-part nature combining the State (central and local governement) and the Civil Society (employer organizations, trade union and NGOs) and working together. The "Grenelle Environnement" was an ambitious attempt to merge social considerations, industry and ecology in a single framework. This new way of thinking was marked by the transformation of the constitutional consultative assembly, the Economic and Social Council into the Economic, Social and Environmental Council. This kind of governance was applied in 1968 during the Grenelle agreements concerning wages and negociated at the ministry of Social Affairs located on rue de Grenelle at Paris. This global vision concerning environmental matters is still present nowadays and is maybe one of the greatest achievement of the "Grenelle Environnement".
The results of these roundtables, divided into six workgroups (climate change and energy demand, biodiversity and natural resources, health and environment, sustainability and industry, ecology and democracy, ecology and competitiveness), are 268 commitments which appear as the objectives described in the 57 articles of the "first Grenelle act" (Grenelle I). The "second Grenelle Act" (Grenelle II) gives the "practical details" concerning implementations of these commitments. So far, according to ref. , in 2010, 77% of the commitments were implemented or almost. Many mixed reports exist concerning the outcome of the Grenelle Environnement (one published by Ernst&Young, another published by the National Assembly). Nevertheless, some of these commitments are now part of the everyday life of the french. But what can we say about this outcome ? First, about the energy policy.
What is the Grenelle commitment about energy ? By 2020, to reach 23% of renewable energies in the final energy mix, to reduce by 20 or 30% the greenhouse gas emissions and to increase by 20% the energy efficiency. At first, a subvention mechanism encouraged people to go into wind or solar energies. To expensive and messy, this subvention mechanism has been cancelled. Without this incentive, the 23% renewable energy goal seems difficult to reach. Anyway, the energy policy topic will be the subject of a great national debate very soon in France in order to confirm or not the Grenelle Environnement energy goal and to decide how to proceed.
What about buildings and housing (43% of the primary energy consumption) ? The Grenelle Environnement sets up incentives for the renovation of old buildings in order to improve their heating efficiency. It was also the starting point of what we are used to see at the front of every real estate agency: an appartment or a house for sale must be accompanied by an estimation of its energy consumption. If its energy efficiency works well for new buildings, the renovation program of old buildings to high energy saving standards doesn't work so well: in 2010, 250,000 houses per year are renovated instead of the 400,000 per year defined by the Grenelle Environnement (cf. ): this goal is what is required to reduce by 38% the CO2 emissions in the atmosphere.
 : "Bilan Grenelle de l'Environnement (septembre 2012)", Brochure IGPDE, Préparation au pré-concours ENA.
 : "Que reste-t-il du Grenelle Environnement ?", Thierry Fabre, Challenges, 11/17/2011